Backbone Trail - Latigo Canyon

White Sage (Salvia apiana)

Salvia apiana

Salvia apiana (white sage, bee sage, or sacred sage) is an evergreen perennial shrub that is native to the southwestern United States and northwestern Mexico, found mainly in the coastal sage scrub habitat of Southern California and Baja California, on the western edges of the Mojave and Sonoran deserts.

S. apiana is widely used by Native American groups on the Pacific coast of the U.S. The seed was a main ingredient of a staple food, pinole. The leaves are also burnt by many native American tribes, with the smoke used in different purification rituals.